Health

What is prostate cancer? And What are its causes?    

The prostate is a muscular gland that is a part of the male reproductive system. It serves as a switch between urination and ejaculation. It is located just below the bladder. The prostate produces fluids that contain sperm, and this fluid forms a part of the semen. As males get older, the size of the prostate increases. When cells start developing abnormally within the prostate it can lead to prostate cancer.

About Prostate Cancer    

It is a common type of cancer that may or may not display symptoms during its early stages. It can be detected through tests. Prostate enlargement can be of two types – benign and malignant. The malignant prostate tumor grows and spreads to the surrounding organs of the male reproductive system whereas the benign tumor only grows without spreading or causing harm to the other organs. Its presence can be indicated by various symptoms which may include:

  • Urination difficulties experienced while starting the urination and maintaining the flow
  • A sudden urge to go to pee, especially during the nighttime
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain while urinating
  • Pain experienced during ejaculating
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Traces of blood in urine or semen
  • Back pain and hip pain
  • Pain in the lower abdomen or  giveme5 pelvis region

Causes of Prostate Cancer

Due to some mutations in the DNA, the glandular cells in the prostates start developing abnormally. The change in the DNAs compels the cells to rapidly grow and separate. These cells divide at an unusual speed as compared to normal cells. These abnormal cells persist to live even after the normal cells die.

Consequently, these abnormal cells get accumulated which gives rise to a tumor in the prostate. This tumor thus formed keeps growing and it may start affecting the surrounding organs by taking up more space. Further, the tumor disintegrates and can even spread or metastasize to other parts of the body and produce more such tumors.

In addition, prostate cancer can also cause erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence in men. It can impact the erection function and lead to premature ejaculation. To overcome ED problems Cenforce is one of the best medicines.  Also, prostrate surgery might cause permanent damage to your sexual function.

What are the Risk Factors?

  • Age – Age could be the most common risk factor for developing prostate cancer. The threshold age for getting affected by this type of cancer is usually around 50. After 50, individuals are more likely to experience some changes in the DNA of their prostate glandular cells which makes the cells develop uncontrollably and form a tumor.
  • Family History – The likelihood of prostate cancer in individuals with a family history of it is quite high. Some studies suggest that the possibility of prostate cancer doubles when the male members of the family especially the father or brother are affected by it.
  • Obesity – Excessive weight gain or obesity can also potentiate the risk of developing prostate cancer. Such individuals may experience it intensely as it is more aggressive, and the possibility of its recurrence is also high.
  • Diet – Your diet is also responsible for contributing to prostate cancer. Unhealthy eating habits can enhance its risk.
  • Lifestyle – Lifestyle habits can have a significant impact too. Lack of exercise and physical activity contributes to weight gain which is one of the potent factors for prostate cancer. The risk of cancer can be eliminated by improving the quality of your lifestyle.

Prevention of Prostate Cancer

1. Follow a Healthy Diet

Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Processed foods lack nutritional value. You must prefer home-cooked meals that are prepared using fresh vegetables. Vegetables and fruits are packed with nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and various other essential nutrients needed by the body to perform its optimal function. Diet can substantially reduce the risk of prostate cancer by balancing the nutrient levels in your body.

2. Stay in Shape

Aerobic exercises such as brisk walking, running, swimming, and cycling can improve blood circulation throughout the body and help you to stay in shape. Exercise also prevents you from conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and other health conditions. When you engage in regular physical activity, you burn calories which eliminates weight gain and the risk of prostate cancer.

3. Quit Smoking

According to some studies, smoking can worsen prostate cancer. Individuals who smoke after the treatment of prostate cancer are at a higher risk of getting developing cancer again, but this time it will be more aggressive to the extent that the individual might also die. Hence, it is necessary to give up smoking to prevent the risk of prostate cancer.

4. Talk to an Expert

If you have a family history of prostate cancer, you are at a higher risk of developing cancer. You must gather more information regarding its effective prevention. You can talk to a doctor that can help you with the prevention. Also, you must include some lifestyle changes that can be beneficial for eliminating its risk.

Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer  

According to the National Cancer Institute, when an individual suspects the presence of prostate cancer via its symptoms, the doctor may ask them various questions regarding its symptoms, family history, and personal medical history.

They may suggest some tests such as blood tests for the assessment of PSA levels and urine sample test reports. They may conduct a physical examination such as a digital rectal exam (DRE) to check the prostate.

DRE allows the doctor to identify the issues with the prostate. They may perform this examination by wearing a glove on one hand and inserting one finger inside the rectum. They will use some lubricant on that finger to easily put the finger inside. The individual being examined must lie on his side which enables the doctor to check the problem. If the doctor finds the prostate shape to be abnormal or bigger than usual, this may speculate the disease. Based on that, they may conduct further tests to confirm the presence of cancer and perform the necessary treatment.

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